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Peripheral Arterial diseases

PAD is a chronic disease in which the legs have clogged arteries. Usually, this formation occurs gradually. It is more common in elderly people. Smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or triglyceride, diabetes, kidney failure, and obesity can increase your risk for PAD.

Symptoms

Muscle fatigue or cramps when walking

Pain in the toes or feet during rest

Toes or feet wound

Causes

Smoking

High cholesterol or high triglycerides

High blood pressure

Diabetes

Kidney failure

Obesity.

Diagnosis

The initial diagnostic test for PAD involves reading the ankle-brachial index (ABI) blood pressure on the foot and comparing it to the arm.
Additional support testing may be done, such as TBI or oxygen readings around the wound.
An arterial Doppler study shows the presence of the disease.
An angiogram (CT / MRI or conventional) is usually done to determine where the plaque is located in the arteries to assess treatment options.

Treatments

PAD is often treated by aggressively managing risk factors with lifestyle changes and medications. It can help you quit smoking, control blood pressure and cholesterol, control diabetes, and lose weight. Additionally, following an exercise program faithfully can improve the symptoms of PAD in many cases.

If PAD causes serious symptoms, most treatments, such as balloon angioplasty, stent placement, or surgical bypass, can be very effective in improving blood flow to the affected leg.